U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission home page

Section 4 Ė Summary of Events/ Programs

U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission

Summary of Event/Program
The U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission was established by the Centennial of Flight Commemoration Act, Public Law 105-389, November 13, 1998, as amended by Public Law 106-68, October 6, 1999. Congress' intent was to expand the national and international interest in the Wright brothers' achievement. The U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission was charged by Congress with playing the leading role in coordinating and publicizing public activities celebrating the achievements of Wilbur and Orville Wright and commemorating a century of powered flight. Under this mandate, the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission planned to coordinate and encourage national and international celebrations of the Wright brothers' achievement and its impact on the world in a fashion that inspired the next generation of inventors.

Goals of the Event/Program
As an organization, the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission had three goals: Outcome of Event/Program
There were three major elements of the program: the December 17, 2002 kick off; the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission Web site; and the educational program.

The Centennial of Flight kick off was held December 17, 2002, at the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum. It was emceed by John Travolta and featured aviation honorees and pioneers such as Sen. John Glenn, Dr. Neil Armstrong, the Wright family, Edsel Ford, Dr. Vance Coffman, Jody McCarrell representing the 99's, William Holten and John McGee representing the Tuskegee Airmen, Amy Kleppner representing Amelia Earhart, Gen. Tex Hill, Erik Lindbergh, Dr. Shannon Lucid and Pamela Melroy. Featured speakers included the Administrators of NASA and the FAA, Gen. J.R. Dailey, Deputy Secretary of Transportation Jackson and John Travolta. The event was widely covered by the media, including CBS, CNN, FOX, USA Today, The Washington Post and others. President Bush issued a Wright Brothers Day Proclamation that was read as part of the ceremonies and then presented to Amanda Wright Lane. NASA TV provided a satellite uplink of the ceremony so it could be viewed nationally and internationally. The U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission worked extremely hard with North Carolina and Ohio to coordinate the kick off ceremonies for all three organizations.

Section 7 of this National Report is devoted entirely to the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission Web site, to include program content and metrics on its success.

The U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission participated in more than a dozen conferences, symposia and seminars in 2003, and promoted national and international participation in the centennial of flight through exhibits at national events and education conferences, speaking engagements, professional development workshops and student contests in the U.S. and abroad. Numerous collaborations were formed that resulted in hundreds of centennial of flight related events and activities. Educational information and materials were presented and disseminated to millions of individuals.

U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission staff worked closely with NASA to develop dozens of centennial of flight related products. NASA's education program managers adopted centennial of flight themes that were reflected in nearly all major educational initiatives in 2002 and 2003. NASA Field Center staff also incorporated the centennial of flight theme into their educational initiatives and developed numerous educational products and activities including a comprehensive Web site.

The U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission developed numerous educational products in cooperation with NASA's Offices of Education and Aerospace Technology, which included two posters with hands-on activities featuring the Wright brothers and the scientific and engineering processes they used to successfully achieve powered flight. A bookmark was also developed with activities encouraging educators and students to explore the various educational components of the Web site and to research, plan and participate in their own centennial of flight activities and events. Education staff representing the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission, NASA's Offices of Education and Aerospace Technology, and several Field Centers cooperatively developed numerous additional centennial of flight products that included educators' guides, bookmarks, CDs, posters, exhibits and hands-on activities. During the last four years, more than four million centennial of flight related products were disseminated to educators, students and the public in all 50 states, Puerto Rico and more than 20 countries. These products have all been extremely well received by the formal and informal education communities and are still in demand today.

The U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission's online "Calendar of Events" hosted a broad array of events related to the centennial of flight and the history of aviation. The calendar posted centennial of flight celebration dates across the U.S. and the world allowing educators to locate educational opportunities for their students and even post their own events. Event planners used the calendar to coordinate their events with others. In 2003, 116 educational activities were listed on the calendar, not including the long-term events. Overall, the events represented 25 different states and more than a dozen countries in 2003.

The U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission's education staff provided onsite support for nine education related activities that took place in North Carolina in 2003, including Women in Aviation Day; Fayetteville Festival of Flight; the International Kite Festival; and the presentations, exhibits and educational demonstrations during the First Flight Celebration. In addition, tens of thousands of educational materials were disseminated to school districts across the state, particularly in Raleigh-Durham, Dare County, Lumberton and Boone.

More than a half dozen centennial activities in Ohio received onsite U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission educational support that included assisting in the development of a Wright brothers interdisciplinary curriculum that was disseminated to all school districts in the state and hundreds of schools across the nation. Educational exhibits, speakers, activities and materials were provided to the Inventing Flight celebration planners in support of their major centennial event. An educational alliance with Wright State University (WSU) resulted in providing educators and students access to the largest collection of Wright photographs in the world via the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission Web site. U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission and WSU educational staff also co-presented Wright-related educational information and materials to educators from across the country at the 2003 National Science Teachers Association Conference. The U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission educational staff supported two centennial of flight themed international education conferences in Cincinnati, Ohio, sponsored by the Civil Air Patrol and Women in Aviation International. Educational workshops, materials, information and presentations were provided for hundreds of teachers from all over the country, at both conferences.

The U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission education staff and NASA's Office of Education and Office of Aerospace Technology also developed the "Centennial of Flight VIP Educational Toolkit," that became available in December 2002. The Toolkit included: an educators' guide; a poster: "The 1902 Glider: How the Problem of Control was Solved;" a NACA/NASA timeline; a 32-page, full color booklet featuring the pre-history of flight, a century of flight, the future of flight and educational resources; and four bookmarks. Approximately 140,000 hard copies of the "Centennial of Flight VIP Educational Toolkit" package were disseminated to educators in 2003.

A 32-page brochure, "Celebrating a Century of Flight," cosponsored by NASA, the U.S. Air Force and the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission, was created and distributed to share the history of flight. The brochure was available on major airlines, in airports and distributed at various events across the country. In collaboration with NASA Headquarters and the National Coalition for Aviation Education, the 32-page "Celebrating a Century of Flight" booklet was reformatted to create a centennial of flight educational supplement that was produced by The Washington Times and disseminated to hundreds of newspapers across the country through Newspapers in Education. As a result, the supplement reached millions of homes and classrooms.

Centennial Legacy
The 100th anniversary of flight challenged the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission to increase the public's understanding of the evolution of flight and the extraordinary individuals that made it possible. More importantly, it provided a tremendous opportunity to use the story of flight to inspire students across the globe to explore aviation's past and, in the process, recognize the power of dreams and the astonishing realities they can create. The U.S Centennial of Flight Commission and its Partners established an infrastructure that encouraged educators, students and the public to participate in exciting centennial of flight projects and events and enabled them to plan their own. And, as a result, millions of students across the country attended centennial of flight events, participated in classroom activities, utilized materials, and accessed resources that not only taught them about the history of aviation, but encouraged them to imagine the incredible possibilities for the future. The U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission hopes that these experiences have not only ignited their imaginations, but also provided them with the tools they need to investigate and pursue exciting aerospace-related careers and become the next generation of explorers, inventors and innovators.

Lessons Learned
It takes the combined efforts of many good people to undertake goals of this magnitude. It is only through the strength and efforts of our many Partners that we were all able to succeed. A talented marketing and media relations outreach partner is essential to the success of a national initiative such as the celebration of the centennial of flight.

Summary of Event/Program

Inventing Flight: Dayton 2003 was the culmination of 15 years of planning by a broad public and private partnership under the auspices of The 2003 Committee. The committee was funded through a combination of public and private contributions including significant support from the City of Dayton, State of Ohio, and Montgomery and Greene counties. Major support came in the form of philanthropic gifts from Dayton area businesses, individuals and foundations, as well as several significant corporate sponsorships. The 2003 Committee was governed by a board of public and private sector representatives. The board was chaired initially by U.S. District Judge Walter H. Rice and later by Dayton Daily News Publisher J. Bradford Tillson.

The initial focus of The 2003 Committee was the establishment of a national park around the Dayton history of Orville and Wilbur Wright and African-American writer Paul Laurence Dunbar. Legislation creating the Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park was signed into law by President George H. W. Bush in 1992 and, over the next 10 years, the park was developed in time for the centennial celebration.

In addition to development of the national park, its four sites and two interpretive centers, many other bricks and mortar projects in the Dayton area were completed with the 2003 celebration in mind. These included a new wing to the U.S. Air Force Museum, a $100 million performing arts center downtown, several new structures at Carillon Historical Park, a RiverScape at the convergence of two rivers downtown and a pedestrian bridge from it to a FlightScape Plaza, many infrastructure improvements to the Dayton Air Show, and a massive revitalization of the business and residential neighborhood where the Wright brothers lived and worked.

The Inventing Flight partnership included many existing community institutions such as the Dayton Air Show, Carillon Historical Park, U.S. Air Force Museum, National Aviation Hall of Fame, Dayton Art Institute and Dayton Contemporary Dance Company to name a few. Many of these institutions already were planning major events for 2003 and agreed to have Inventing Flight package and promote them under a common celebratory brand. Inventing Flight also was designated a "signature event" of the Ohio Bicentennial, also in 2003.

One of Inventing Flight's proudest accomplishments was convincing Sen. John Glenn to serve as secretary general of the celebration. Sen. Glenn and his wife Annie attended most of the Inventing Flight activities and represented the celebration in the media and at events nationally.

The Inventing Flight program falls into three categories: (1) programs that extend beyond 2003; (2) various activities leading up to the Inventing Flight celebration; and (3) the peak, 17-day celebration in July 2003.

Programs that extend beyond 2003
There are several educational and arts programs that were developed in conjunction with the Inventing Flight Celebration that both preceded the July activities and continued afterward. The most ambitious of these is the Inventing Flight Curriculum, a multi-media middle school curriculum based on the work of the Wright brothers. It was developed in partnership with consultant Gordon L. Schimmel and ThinkTV, Dayton's public television station. Funding for development and distribution of the curriculum was provided by the Mathile Family Foundation. The curriculum has received several national awards and, for the last 18 months, has been the most requested curriculum package nationally.

Other programming created for the Inventing Flight celebration includes a Digistar program for planetaria produced by Dayton's Boonshoft Museum of Discovery, a series of flight themed dance productions created for and performed nationally and internationally by the Dayton Contemporary Dance Company, and several works commissioned by the Dayton Philharmonic Orchestra. The Dayton Art Institute curated two exhibits, one of photographs and prints and another of sculpture, for the celebration.

Various activities leading up to the Inventing Flight celebration
Several years before the centennial, Wright State University and Inventing Flight hosted a symposium on the first 100 years of flight. In the spring of 2002, the U.S. Mint introduced the Ohio Quarter, which features a flight theme, at a ceremony at the U.S. Air Force Museum. Also at the museum on New Year's Eve 2002, was a gala kick off for the 2003 celebration. Several hours later the Dayton based Wright B Flyer flew over the Rose Bowl.

May 2003 was a big month for celebration activities. On Mother's Day weekend, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base hosted a massive open house to celebrate the centennial. It featured virtually every airplane in the U.S. Air Force's inventory on display as well as demonstrations and speakers. Later that month, the U.S. Postal Service was at the U.S. Air Force Museum for a first day issue celebrating the Wright brothers. Finally, on Memorial Day weekend, the Wright B Flyer flew around the Statue of Liberty.

The peak, 17-day celebration in July 2003
Dayton's Inventing Flight celebration peaked during 17 days in July 2003. It began Independence Day Weekend with opening ceremonies and a ribbon cutting by Sen. John Glenn and Dr. Neil Armstrong followed by a spectacular fireworks display. That weekend also included a three-day hot air balloon event produced by RE/MAX at the U.S. Air Force Museum and a folk music festival at RiverScape downtown. The media highlight of the weekend was a July Fourth visit by President Bush who spoke to an enthusiastic crowd of 30,000 at the U.S. Air Force Museum and to a national television audience.

The second weekend included a blimp meet with four of the giant airships floating across the skies over Dayton. The Dayton Black Cultural Festival featured a reunion of the Tuskegee Airmen and Dayton Contemporary Dance Company's performance of its flight productions.

The final week included the AIAA/International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS) Flight Symposium focusing on the next 100 years of flight. John Travolta was honored by AIAA at a formal dinner. The celebration concluded with a four-day Dayton Air Show that included both the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds and U.S. Navy Blue Angels along with the Canadian Snowbirds flying each day. One of the more unusual flights was a Boeing 707 piloted by John Travolta with Sen. John Glenn as passenger. Saturday night featured a reunion of enshrinees attending the National Aviation Hall of Fame annual dinner hosted by Harrison Ford. Sunday's highlights included a moving ceremony at the Wright brothers' grave site featuring Dr. Neil Armstrong, Sen. John Glenn and members of the Wright family.

Throughout the 17 days, Carillon Park produced "living history" re-creations of events from the turn of the 20th century at the Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park sites, and Inventing Flight's Celebration Central at Deeds Point featured four massive pavilions, main stage entertainment and a variety of other activities including an evening lighted barge show.

Goals of Event/Program
Inventing Flight set the following goals for the celebration: Outcome of Event/Program
An estimated 716,000 people attended the July 2003 Inventing Flight events. People who attended more than one event were counted more than once. This included an estimated 150,000 people at the four-day Dayton Air Show and 100,000 at the July 3 opening ceremonies and fireworks. Other major attendance contributors were Celebration Central with 75,000, Dayton Black Cultural festival with 65,000, CityFolk Festival with 60,000 and the blimp meet with 53,000. Surveys conducted during the celebration indicated roughly 80 percent of visitors were from the region and 20 percent were overnight travelers, approximately the breakdown anticipated.

One of the main goals of Inventing Flight was to market the region, and the event exceeded all goals. Inventing Flight spent nearly $2 million on paid advertising in 2002 and 2003 and it is estimated that advertising created more than 100 million impressions nationally. No advertising was purchased outside the U.S., but some of the publications used did reach an international audience. The www.inventingflight.com Web site attracted between 250,000 and 300,000 unique visitors in July 2003 alone. Since its inception, more than one million people have visited the Web site.

Print and broadcast coverage of the events in Dayton was extensive with most major U.S. and many foreign newspapers running stories about the celebration. Secretary General John Glenn was on the cover of Parade magazine. Many travel sections, including The New York Times, did extensive pieces on Dayton aviation heritage sites and the celebration. American Heritage magazine highlighted Dayton. All of the major television networks covered the Dayton celebration at one time or another and CBS broadcasted live from the Dayton Air Show.

The economic impact of the celebration still is being calculated. A team of economists at Wright State University is wrapping up a comprehensive economic impact study. A feasibility study commissioned by Inventing Flight in 1997 estimated the likely direct economic impact at $110 million.

Between 1998 and 2003, Inventing Flight directly spent more than $20 million. It is estimated that programming partners spent another $8-10 million in 2003. In addition, Inventing Flight can account for $63 million in investments in anticipation of the celebration. These include development of the national park sites, improvements in the Wright-Dunbar Neighborhood, construction of the FlightScape Plaza and other construction directly related to the celebration. Another $30 million in improvements was influenced by centennial plans.

Local economic development organizations used the celebration to attract attention and entertain prospects. The Dayton Development Coalition has said it expects several of those prospects to bear fruit.

Centennial Legacy
Some legacies are readily apparent while others will take time to fully manifest themselves. There are impressive and lasting bricks and mortar legacies. The most significant by far is the Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park which was developed in roughly half the time of most national parks because of the 2003 deadline. It used the celebration as a platform to introduce itself to the growing heritage tourism market. The second most important structural legacy is the continuing transformation of Wright-Dunbar from a largely abandoned urban dead zone to an increasingly vibrant commercial and residential neighborhood.

Other tangible legacies range from the FlightScape Plaza at Deeds Point where visitors continue to have their pictures taken with Orville and Wilbur to the new wing at the U.S. Air Force Museum to RiverScape to the permanent improvements at the Dayton Air Show. The Dayton Art Institute installed a massive, soaring sculpture by John Safor, the same artist who did the signature piece for the Smithsonian's Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center at Dulles International Airport. Even such relatively inexpensive items such as the highway signage identifying historic sites continue to have a positive impact.

Some content produced for the celebration will have an enduring legacy. Certainly the Inventing Flight Curriculum and the Digistar program will be used for years to come. That is equally true for the flight themed dance pieces commissioned by Dayton Contemporary Dance Company. Recently Carillon Park announced plans to continue the "Time Flies" living history works it produced for the celebration. In a real sense, the Ohio Quarter is a legacy of the centennial.

Another legacy is the benefit received by existing organizations in Dayton. Inventing Flight, with considerable assistance from the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission, helped create and market a platform on which many local organizations and institutions could be seen by a national audience. Every partner benefited from this relationship.

Potentially the most significant legacy will take longer to judge. That is the image of Dayton that was created through the Inventing Flight celebration and the marketing of it. Based on conversations with many people around the country, Inventing Flight succeeded in telling the story of Dayton and the Wright brothers. Inventing Flight's marketing efforts were reinforced by a host of articles, books, television specials and other media that told the Wright brothers' story. Thanks to Sen. John Glenn, Dr. Neil Armstrong, the U.S. Air Force and NASA, the message that leading edge aerospace research continues in Dayton and Ohio 100 years after the Wright brothers first flew was delivered as well. That message was a strong element of President Bush's remarks during his visit July 4, 2003.

Finally, there is no question that residents of the Dayton area and Ohio felt great pride in the centennial celebration and the recognition received by two sons of Ohio. The residual of that continues.

Lessons Learned
Probably the biggest lesson was the importance of partnerships. Almost all of the programming created for Inventing Flight was the result of partnerships, both local and national. The existence of the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission was critical to partnerships with EAA, NASA, FAA and AIAA, among others. It strengthened Inventing Flight's existing relationship with North Carolina.

Certainly one of the lessons painfully learned in Dayton was the risks of revenue models. Partly due to bad weather the first week of the celebration and partly due to flawed pricing and other factors, Inventing Flight's Celebration Central did not meet attendance and revenue projections resulting in a substantial debt that is now mostly settled. On the positive side of the financial equation, the generous support of local government, business and individuals was key to Inventing Flight's success. Local philanthropy and government support created much of what Inventing Flight was able to sell to sponsors.

Another lesson learned, or at least reinforced, was the importance of marketing. Since telling Dayton's story and creating a positive image of the community was a major goal of Inventing Flight, marketing was critical to success. As noted above, Inventing Flight did a lot of marketing but just as important was the marketing done by the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission and its other partners. All of it reinforced the message that something important happened in 1903, something worth celebrating in 2003.

The importance of celebrities and having their faces and their stories associated with this event was manifest throughout the year. It is impossible to overestimate the impact of having Sen. John Glenn as Inventing Flight's national spokesperson. Two of the most talked about and covered images of the centennial were joint appearances by Sen. John Glenn and Dr. Neil Armstrong at the Ohio Quarter rollout and the July opening ceremonies. The involvement of John Travolta and Harrison Ford in celebration activities brought additional coverage and public interest. Members of the Wright family became much interviewed celebrities during the centennial and they served as extraordinary ambassadors for Dayton.

Finally, Inventing Flight learned all over again how compelling the story of the Wright brothers and early powered flight is. It engages people of all ages and backgrounds. Appropriately, it was the keystone of the centennial celebration.

Summary of Event/Program

Wright Brothers National Memorial was the site of a six-day celebration beginning on Friday, December 12, 2003, and ending on Wednesday, December 17, 2003. The theme and a few highlights of each day are listed below.

The six-day event included interpretative talks every day by park staff in the Visitors Center, interpretative talks in the reproductions of the Wrights' workshops, tours of the flight line of the first flight, and a display of the Wright Flyer replica donated by Mr. Harry Combs. Exhibits were provided by NASA, Dare County Schools, Academy of Model Aeronautics, U.S. Air Force Command and Control, U.S. Coast Guard, U.S. Fish and Wildlife, The First Flight Society, Outer Banks Stamps, U.S. Postal Service, Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association and the FAA.

Goals of Event/Program
The goal of the First Flight Centennial Commission was to execute the four components from which the North Carolina First Flight Centennial Commission was founded: education, commemoration, celebration and legacy. The National Park Service's mission was to tell the story of the Wright brothers. The goals were easily merged into one comprehensive educational program. The resultant collaborative planning team had the mission of creating a multi-dimensional event with mass appeal to tell the story using various mediums.

Outcome of Event/Program
The six-day celebration had a total public attendance of approximately 115,000 people. The highest attendance was on December 17, 2003, when more than 34,000 people attended. There were millions worldwide that saw the event on television.

A preliminary report from Carter Ryley Thomas Public Relations and Marketing Counsel reveals: Visitor statistics for the Web site showed 1,806,536 total hits and 40,135 unique visitors in November; 4,793,905 total hits and 147,408 unique visitors in December; and 581,444 total hits and 26,426 unique visitors in January 2004.

Centennial Legacy
At Wright Brothers National Memorial, the legacy of the Centennial can be measured in very tangible ways. Enhancements to the park resulting from the Centennial celebration include: Lessons Learned EXPERIMENTAL AIRCRAFT ASSOCIATION (EAA)
Summary of Event/Program
Goals of Event/Program
The goals of EAA's program were to: Outcome of Event/Program
Media coverage of the flight centennial was international in scope. In Kill Devil Hills alone, there were more than 800 media representatives registered, representing journalists from four different continents. Countdown to Kitty Hawk activities were broadcast to the world on outlets such as CNN, and worldwide outlets including BBC. Voice of America interviewed EAA and Countdown to Kitty Hawk representatives. Newspaper reports from Kitty Hawk appeared in newspapers as far away as Europe, Japan and India. A conservative estimate of mentions of EAA included more than 21,000 column inches of text during calendar year 2003, creating more than 88 million print impressions. Print reports that highlighted Countdown to Kitty Hawk or the Wright Experience without specific EAA mention easily surpassed 100 million just in the U.S. Coverage of the flight centennial activities was prominent in the top newspapers in every state, many of which also included separate features that highlighted local flight centennial programs.

EAA's Countdown to Kitty Hawk attracted near record traffic to the EAA Web site, and on December 17, nearly 30,000 individuals viewed nearly 100,000 pages of the Web site. This is the highest number of visitors in one day to EAA's Web site since the previous record day following the terrorist attacks on 9/11. Also on December 17, EAA's main Web site, www.eaa.org, attracted nearly 25,000 visitors. During EAA's centennial celebration in Oshkosh, Wis., nearly 400 participated in the first ever Web cast from the EAA AirVenture Museum's Eagle Hangar.

EAA connected with children, families, members, organizations, institutions and government officials. Perhaps as many as one billion media impressions were created throughout the program. There were one million Young Eagles. Nearly 400,000 people toured the pavilion. There were 16,000 people who cast a vote for the Greatest Aviation Innovation in person or via the Internet. More than 8,000 EAA members signed the logbooks.

Centennial Legacy
The legacy of the centennial can be measured in the following ways: FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION (FAA)
Summary of Event/Program

FAA's Centennial of Flight Committee set goals and executed a national FAA plan for the centennial year. Activities promoted the Centennial, the FAA and the concept of aviation as a vital force in 20th century life.

Goals of Event/Program
The goals were to develop and execute agency plans which would celebrate the centennial of flight, provide a positive aviation and aerospace message to the flying public, bolster faith in aviation safety, inspire learning, and raise aviation career awareness for a future aerospace workforce.

Outcome of Event/Program
FAA centennial of flight accomplishments include: FAA museum exhibits were visited by hundreds of thousands of people from the U.S. and around the world. The outcome created a better informed aviation and aerospace public and sparked a renewed interest in aviation and aerospace classroom curriculum and career planning.

Centennial Legacy
The centennial provided an opportunity to educate the public about aviation and aerospace history and to instill a national pride in the nation's significant achievements. The legacy of this commemoration will be a fertile groundwork for new educational opportunities.

Lessons Learned
FAA worked with many national partners in accomplishing its goals. Although FAA had already known the value of joining forces, it was wonderful to reaffirm that collaboration with the aerospace industry, government, military and other aerospace organizations maximized everyone's resources and created a culture of non-partisanship that will continue into the future.

Summary of Event/Program

December 17, 2003, marked the 100th anniversary of the first sustained, controlled, powered, heavier-than-air flight. A century ago on this date, two brothers from Ohio first flew on the wind swept sand of Kitty Hawk, N.C., changing the world forever. NASA and its predecessor, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), contributed greatly to the advancement of flight over the 85+ years of their existence.

NASA's program to celebrate the centennial of flight was accomplished through a series of activities summarized below. Goals of Event/Program
NASA committed to support the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission in the promotion and dissemination of the accomplishments of flight that were made over the last century, and show the wondrous things the next century of flight may bring. NASA's goal was to provide a legacy through a series of activities including events, speakers, exhibits, publications and a series of education activities.

Outcome of Event/Program
NASA estimates that more than 7.5 million people were reached directly by NASA exhibits. More than four million educational and informational publications were produced and distributed. Approximately 150 million people were reached through educational TV shows, while hundreds of millions of people around the world were reached through all other forms of media. This report is only a brief summary of the many activities NASA undertook and participated in during the centennial of flight. Additional information can be referenced in the report NASA Contributions to the Centennial of Powered Flight (NP-2004-04-343-HQ) available online at www.nasa.gov.

Centennial Legacy
NASA partnered and collaborated with numerous government and nonprofit organizations to celebrate the centennial of flight. Through these partnerships, NASA celebrated the centennial and made a lasting impact through its activities, leaving a centennial legacy. NASA supported every major centennial event. It produced both scholarly and public material on NASA activities and flight including books, brochures, posters, articles and wind tunnel tests. Through educational materials, International Space Station downlinks, exhibits and other activities and products, NASA inspired current and future generations to the wonders of flight as well as the contributions of NASA. As the centennial came to an end, a new era of exploration was emerging, with the landing of Spirit and Opportunity on Mars. In a short century, humans have gone from the first tentative steps into the air to setting foot on the moon, routine air travel, a permanent human presence in space on the International Space Station, and the exploration of other worlds. NASA has been a key player in all these advancements over the last century and is working today on what the next century of flight will bring.

Lessons Learned
Summary of Event/Program

The Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum had two primary goals for the centennial of flight year. The first was to open its centennial related exhibition, "The Wright Brothers & The Invention of the Aerial Age," in the museum's building on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., on October 11, 2003. The second and greater undertaking was the opening of the museum's long awaited companion facility, the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, in Chantilly, Va., on December 15, 2003, as part of the centennial week celebrations. Despite a number of serious challenges, both openings occurred on schedule and to much acclaim.

Outcome of Event/Program
Although opening relatively late, "The Wright Brothers & The Invention of the Aerial Age," became one of the key national attractions for the centennial year. While Ohio and North Carolina both have obvious claims to the Wright brothers' story, the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum is home to the 1903 Wright Flyer, the seminal artifact in the invention of powered flight. For the exhibition, the Flyer was moved on September 24, 2003, from its central hanging position in the museum's Milestones of Flight gallery into the second floor exhibition gallery where it was put on display at ground level for the first time since it was acquired by the Smithsonian in 1948. The move was open to the media and resulted in, among other coverage, a front page photograph in The Dayton Daily News.

The exhibition is made up of more than 170 artifacts on display, many on loan from other organizations around the world. All are intricate pieces to telling the story of the brothers, their method of invention and the cultural impact of powered flight in the decade following Kitty Hawk. It is doubtful that a fuller array of Wright related artifacts has ever been assembled. This added to the universal appeal of the exhibition.

A media breakfast attended by representatives from more than two dozen local, national and international news organizations was held in June to discuss plans for the gallery and a media preview on October 9, 2003, attracted almost three dozen local, national and international news organizations. After the exhibition opened on October 11, media interest in the exhibition continued to grow leading up to December 17, 2003. Curator Peter Jakab conducted 200 interviews related to the centennial and the exhibition during 2003, including featured pieces for NPR, The New York Times, The Washington Post, ABC News, CBS News, CNN and PBS's News Hour with Jim Lehrer. A satellite media tour organized for the exhibition opening reached nearly 10 million television viewers while a radio media tour organized by National Geographic for the exhibition's companion book was heard by nearly four million people. No surveys were done to determine which visitors to the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum came specifically for the Wright exhibition, but more than 869,000 people visited the museum from October 2003 through January 2004, and the gallery was consistently one of the most crowded in the building. On the December 17 centennial, curator Peter Jakab gave three well attended special lectures in the Wright gallery. Also on that day, the museum held a book signing and showed NASA TV coverage of centennial events at Kitty Hawk in the Milestones of Flight gallery. More than a dozen news organizations covered the events at the museum on December 17 including CNN, NPR, Reuters and ABC News Radio.

A number of successful educational events were held during the last months of 2003 in conjunction with the exhibition, including a day of live satellite and Internet programming that originated from the gallery and was seen by tens of thousands of students in classrooms across the United States. Hits for the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum Web site, www.nasm.si.edu, increased steadily for the last months of 2003; there were 19,218,150 hits in October; 21,411,070 hits in November; and 40,694,280 hits in December. In addition, the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum published a number of books to coincide with the centennial of flight theme.

The public opening of the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center was scheduled for December 15, 2003, to celebrate the centennial but to avoid drawing attention away from December 17 events in North Carolina and elsewhere. The Udvar-Hazy Center was already a well known story by December, because of a publicity campaign that began in large part with the groundbreaking ceremony in October 2000, followed by the awarding of the construction contract in April 2001. Media events tied in with construction progress were held in 2002. For 2003, a publicity campaign, part of a communications plan, was designed around at least one media event a month leading up to December. Those events generated local, national and international public familiarization with the center and some of its better known artifacts. The arrival of a retired Air France Concorde in June and the unveiling of the newly reassembled B-29 Enola Gay in August each attracted more than 100 journalists. At all events, there were remarks connecting the Udvar-Hazy Center with the centennial of flight theme. A media preview was held December 5, a tribute to military aviation veterans was held December 9, and the center dedication was held December 11, all leading up to the December 15 public opening. Some 600 media credentials were issued for the month's events. In addition, a satellite media tour was conducted at the center on December 10 with actor John Travolta.

The publicity campaign resulted in a highly successful wave of local, national and international coverage that swelled in the days leading up to the center's opening. Featured print stories and graphics appeared in pieces by The New York Times, The Associated Press, USA Today, The Washington Post, The Chicago Tribune, U.S. News & World Report, Smithsonian, Washingtonian and dozens of other major print outlets. The AP story on the December 11 dedication alone ran in several hundred newspapers. Featured broadcast packages about the Udvar-Hazy Center appeared on CNN, NBC's Today show, CBS's Sunday Morning, NPR and Fox News Channel, among 12 national television outlets airing stories and 72 local television stations airing stories in the top 25 markets. In total, it is estimated that more than 70 million viewers were exposed to the Udvar-Hazy Center in December 2003 alone.

The Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum's Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center attracted 220,000 visitors during the 15 days of December 2003 in which it was open. Sales for the center's museum store, the food service and the IMAX theater were all well above projections and roadways leading to the center were frequent mentions in area traffic reports during the Christmas holiday season. In addition, sales of an annual parking pass had to be suspended when the maximum 2,000 were issued. Approximately 173,000 people visited the center in January. Hits for the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum Web site, www.nasm.si.edu, increased steadily for the last months of 2003. School tours for the Udvar-Hazy Center began in February 2004, and were heavily scheduled through the end of the academic year. Other educational features and events also were launched in the late winter.

Centennial Legacy
With the opening of "The Wright Brothers & The Invention of the Aerial Age" and the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum gave visitors two unique outlets for exploring the centennial of flight and to ponder the next century and beyond. While the Wright brothers exhibition will exist for only two years, its themes and unique presentation will no doubt be used well into the future for educational purposes. The public has responded enthusiastically to seeing the 1903 Wright Flyer from a new, close up perspective and there will probably be requests from visitors to keep the airplane at ground level after the exhibit closes. Regardless, the exhibition has brought people closer to the story of the Wrights, their method of discovery and the popular impact of powered flight, allowing the museum to claim unmitigated success with the gallery.

The Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center is the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum's permanent tribute to flight's first century and a work-in-progress that will grow in the early years of the second century of flight. The history of the Udvar-Hazy Center will always include mention of its opening during the centennial of flight week. Public and critical reaction in the first months of the center has been overwhelmingly enthusiastic. Together the Udvar-Hazy Center and the museum's building on the Mall can now better tell the story of powered flight with so much more of the national collection available to the public. With two sites, the museum is now the largest Air and Space museum complex in the world. With that comes added responsibility to commemorate, educate and inspire the next generations of flight pioneers.

Lessons Learned
The success in the openings of "The Wright Brothers & The Invention of the Aerial Age" and the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center illustrates the importance of advanced planning, effective communications and adherence to deadlines. The timing of the openings gave the public themed destinations in the Washington area that added to the overall quality of the centennial of flight celebrations. The Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum took seriously its role as a Centennial Partner and demonstrated that through unprecedented efforts in focusing (in the case of the Wright brothers) and expanding its offerings (in the case of the Udvar-Hazy Center) to visitors. The centennial of flight was a unique milestone for the museum and one that will have enduring positive ramifications.

Summary of Event/Program

When AIAA introduced the Evolution of Flight Campaign in 1999, AIAA had aspirations of creating a legacy for flight. AIAA hoped to encourage new talent in the industry and construct an emotional launching pad for the next 100 years of innovation in aviation and space technology. AIAA created a campaign that would reach into the industry, as well as out to the general public.

The Evolution of Flight Campaign included: Goals and Outcome of the Events and Programs
Centennial Legacy
AIAA stimulated a new enthusiasm for the next 100 years of aerospace advancement. The campaign showed AIAA and the general public an industry that has much of which to be proud, the least of which is the future. Perhaps that can be the kindle for AIAA's mission to share what AIAA can do with the next generation. The promise of a better, safer, more advanced world lies in the imagination and courage of its children.

Lessons Learned
The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) and all of its partners worked together, early on, to ensure an integrated campaign that would create a legacy for flight, to encourage new talent in the aerospace industry and to construct a launching pad for the next 100 years of innovation in aviation and space technology. AIAA learned that it is essential to the profession to work together to continue the momentum and commitment through various programs and activities.

Summary of Event/Program

Since 1998, Aviation Week has taken a leadership role to focus the national psyche on the issue of aviation through its Next Century of Flight (NCF) Program. Together with 17 valued industry partners, Aviation Week has connected with more than 19 million people around the world via articles, essays, curriculum and teacher support, and related partner programs.

Goals of Event/Program
The goal has remained constant, to create an excitement about aerospace, and to position aviation for generations to come.

Outcome of Event/Program
Aviation Week's Next Century of Flight program was founded on the very premise of reigniting the passion that the industry was founded upon with the goal of inspiring current and future generations of aerospace professionals. That commitment developed a focus for Aviation Week and its partners to take action on the very workforce development issues outlined in this important document. Some accomplishments included: Centennial Legacy
The impact of the Next Century of Flight included: Lessons Learned
Aviation Week and its NCF partners have taken bold strides over the last decade to launch educational initiatives to help students pursue careers in aviation and aerospace. Aviation Week needs to continue this activity in order to perpetuate the legacy of corporate commitment to community and educational support for young people, particularly in the engineering fields.

Summary of Event/Program

From May 16-26, 2003, Festival of Flight in Fayetteville, N.C., presented a series of aviation related events well suited to the city, which claims Pope Air Force Base, Fort Bragg's prestigious 82nd Airborne and some 50,000 military residents to its credit. A general aviation air show and arts festival opened the 11-day celebration, followed by an extensive exposition that featured the past, present and future of aviation. Exhibitors included NASA, the Smithsonian Institution, all branches of the military, the U.S. Space & Rocket Center, AIAA's Evolution of Flight, commercial aviation companies and manufacturers. Each day also included a flyover of a replica 1910, 1911 or 1912 Wright brothers' airplane, as well as demonstrations of moon buggies on a recreated lunar surface. The festival concluded with a thrilling military air show at Pope Air Force Base, Memorial Day ceremonies and a parade.

With an emphasis on education, Festival of Flight also developed a year-long curriculum that culminated with 1,000 students being sponsored each day for exclusive access to the Festival's exposition. Celebrity speakers, hands-on wing construction with Nick Engler and a live satellite link with the International Space Station were among the special programs planned for student audiences.

Goals of Event/Program
Two and a half years in the planning, the Festival of Flight 2003 program met all of its major goals and objectives. The cornerstones of the Festival were honoring the military, since Fayetteville is home to Fort Bragg and Pope Air Force Base, and education.

Outcome of Event/Program
The military was deeply involved with exhibits from the U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force, a two-day military air show featuring the Thunderbirds with a total attendance of 160,000 people, a military heritage banquet on base with 2,500 people, and a Memorial Day parade on Monday, May 26, 2003. It was a great tribute to the U.S. military.

The educational component involved a year-long curriculum of study on aviation history and technology in grades four through 12 in schools throughout North Carolina with NASA playing an important educational role. In addition, it included various aviation related competitions culminating with 1,000 plus students and 150 teachers attending the Aviation Exposition each day. The Exposition, which ran for seven days, was held in four different venues at the Crown Center complex. The exhibit halls were filled with educational, interactive displays for the whole family to enjoy, all honoring the Wright brothers' great achievement 100 years ago.

Other activities centered on the arts, all depicting flight. "The Arts Take Flight" in downtown Fayetteville included an original stage musical called, "Let ‘er Fly;" a special showing of the 1927 movie "Wings;" kite flying demonstrations; the dedication of a huge kinetic sculpture, "Stargate 2003;" and music performances by the local Symphony orchestra and the U.S. Army's 82nd Airborne Band. In addition, all the Fayetteville museums had special aviation and aerospace exhibits. On May 18, 2003, a general aviation air show, "Barnstorming at its Best," was held with many of the nation's top aerobatic performers. Poor weather held the crowd down to about 25,000 people. Even though rain throughout the region had a negative impact on projected attendance, the total attendance still reached approximately 300,000 for the 11 days.

Centennial Legacy
There were many long term benefits derived from the Festival including: favorable and positive publicity worldwide for Fayetteville; a strong educational curriculum focused on aviation and aerospace which will continue and grow each year; and several other aspects of the Festival that will have a catalytic effect, in a positive sense, on various community needs (i.e., economic development, downtown revitalization, etc.).

Lessons Learned
The lessons learned included the importance of careful coordination with security regarding entry into events, putting as much important information on the Web site as possible, and making sure operations and public relations people are communicating.

Summary of Event/Program

The National Air Tours introduced millions of people to the concept of air travel and led to innovations that literally paved the way for civil and commercial flight. Originally held from 1925 through 1931, the National Air Tours were the premier aviation events of the Golden Age of Aviation. The tours flew more than 29,000 miles visiting 114 cities to promote safe, reliable air travel at a time when flying was considered a daredevil sport. Simultaneously, the tours encouraged aircraft manufacturers to improve their designs and communities to build or improve airports. In the tours' seven year history, more than 600 aircraft participated, representing the latest in aircraft design and technology.

Leading innovators of the day joined efforts with the Detroit Board of Commerce to promote civil and commercial aviation through the National Air Tours. Notable names among the group included Charles Lindbergh, Orville Wright, Jimmy Doolittle, Walter Beech, Eddie Stinson, Harold Pitcairn and William Stout.

The National Air Tours were commonly referred to as the Ford Air Tours. Henry Ford and his son, Edsel Ford, lent their trusted name in transportation to the endeavor through sponsorship and active participation. Edsel Ford supplied a magnificent three-foot tall sterling silver trophy to demonstrate support for an industry that had similar potential to that of the automobile industry.

With the year 2003 marking a century of powered flight and the 100th anniversary of Ford Motor Company, the Aviation Foundation of America, a Minneapolis-based nonprofit organization, seized the opportunity to share the story of the Golden Age of Aviation by producing and promoting what would have been the 1932 National Air Tour. The '32 tour was canceled due to hardships from the Great Depression.

During 17 days in September 2003, there were 80 volunteer pilots and crew that flew more than 25 rare airplanes from the 1920s and 1930s on the National Air Tour 2003, bringing living history to 26 cities, crowds of thousands and an audience of millions. These modern day aviators, sitting behind antique radial engines and wooden propellers, overcame skeptics' doubts and weather related issues to successfully complete the tour. The first aircraft finished the 4,000 mile journey nearly 15 minutes ahead of a schedule that was laid down more than a year before and was based on a route planned 71 years earlier.

The story of the National Air Tour 2003 reached millions of people. Program components enabled a global community to join in this celebration of the centennial of flight. These program components included: Goals of Event/Program
The goals of the program were to: Outcome of Event/Program
The National Air Tour 2003 was a resounding success. It was the first time in more than seven decades that anything of the sort had taken place. There was not even a single Band-Aid needed along the route.

The National Air Tour 2003 generated more than 100 million gross media impressions through advance story placements, interviews and event coverage from international, national, local and trade media. Ninety-five percent of all stories carried the tour's key messages and tour organizers estimate 80 percent of story placements carried a centennial of flight message.

Sample media placements included: USA Today; Public Radio International's "Savvy Traveler;" CBS News Radio; Associated Press; FOX News Channel; Discovery Wings Channel; Flying Magazine; and Air & Space. International audiences were able to read about the National Air Tour 2003 in Japan's Koku-Fan, Germany's Aerokurier, New Zealand's Classic Wings and Great Britain's Aeroplane Monthly, to name just a few. The tour was given top placement on the front pages of local dailies along the route and almost every television station in each market covered the tour's arrival when not covering Hurricane Isabel.

Key aviation writers from Flying Magazine, Private Pilot, Air & Space and more than a dozen other freelancers and journalists from around the world flew on legs of the tour.

The "America Takes Flight" documentary aired on PBS stations across the country and continues to be sold throughout the world.

The National Air Tour 2003 Web site became a powerful communications tool with 14.5 million Web hits and more than 450,000 individual visits to the tour site.

Web page surfers visited the "daily updates from the tour" pages more than 75,000 times, and more than 5,000 people requested that daily tour updates be sent directly to them via e-mail. In addition, a live, online flight tracking service of air tour ships from www.flightexplorer.com was visited by thousands of people each day during the tour.

More than 75,000 people came out to witness the tour despite daytime arrivals that conflicted with work and school schedules, flight delays due to storm fronts and Hurricane Isabel, and often short stays at airports. Many more witnessed the ships flying overhead. As an example, in Tyler, Texas, a crowd estimated at more that 2,000 gathered at the Tyler airport just to see the ships fly over head. Aviation enthusiasts, families and general spectators learned about the Golden Age of Aviation by experiencing the sights and sounds of an antique airplane tour of a magnitude that will likely never happen again.

Barnstorming tour pilots estimated that more than 1,800 people experienced flight in an open cockpit biplane during the tour.

More than 1.5 million people attended the top aviation events such as EAA AirVenture and Sun ‘n Fun where the tour had booths and aircraft displays. Edsel B. Ford II agreed to be the tour's honorary chairperson. On behalf of the Ford family, Edsel B. Ford II presented Greg Herrick of the Aviation Foundation of America with the "Spirit of Ford" award at the send-off ceremony. It was the first time the award had been presented to someone outside of the automobile industry.

Based on the success of the National Air Tour 2003, the Aviation Foundation of America has been contacted by other organizations and individuals who are planning state and regional air tours. The National Air Tour renewed interest in the nation's aviation heritage. Time and time again, tour participants were told things such as, "This is the largest crowd we have ever had at this airport."

Centennial Legacy
The National Air Tour 2003 educated an audience of millions about America's aviation legacy from the Golden Age and raised awareness of the centennial of flight. The tour broke through the boundaries of the closely knit aviation community and ignited interest in aerial pursuits with citizens who might not normally venture out to an airport.

The National Air Tour 2003 enabled the public, pilots, crew and Web site visitors to gain insight into an endeavor that had not taken place for nearly 75 years. Citizens were able to see rare birds filling the skies and inquire about their tube and fabric skins, wooden propellers and colorful paint schemes. Crowds experienced the prop wash from more than 30 radial engines preparing to taxi and take off. Online audiences shared the excitement of a flying museum and the struggles of battling uncooperative weather with a group of airplanes nearly three quarters of a century old, flying under visual flight rules.

Experiences of a bygone era were relived and people were reminded of the nation's aviation legacy in preparation for the next century of powered flight.

Lessons Learned
Flying a 4,000 mile route for what would have been the 1932 National Air Tour in an antique airplane brings with it all the challenges faced by the original tour pilots and crew. For 17 days in September, The National Air Tour 2003 was able to trace the footsteps of the pioneers of the Golden Age, dealing with all the issues they dealt with, weather, maintenance and even the logistics of inviting crowds out to witness the tour's arrival. The experience brought greater admiration for one of the first flying generations and is a reminder of the hard work and struggles encountered by those pushing the boundaries of any art or science.

The National Air Tour 2003 literally took the history of America's Golden Age of Aviation directly to the people. This living museum and classroom flew to their hometowns, enabling thousands to learn and experience aviation history first hand. As a result, the experience brought many visitors and participants to tears.

Finally, the celebration of the centennial of flight has notably increased awareness of aviation in the United States. Yet, there is still much work to be done to remind citizens of the wonderful benefits that aviation brings. As Newton may have observed were he alive today, if people have flown higher, it is because they are flying from the shoulders of giants.

Summary of Event/Program

From July 29-August 18, 2003, Rockefeller Center hosted New York City's marquee event in celebration of the 100 year anniversary of Orville and Wilbur Wright's ascent into history. GE Presents Centennial of Flight at Rockefeller Center chronicled the accomplishments of the Wrights and delivered a retrospective exhibition of the last century of aviation accomplishments.

Rockefeller Center coordinated many illustrious organizations, national agencies and private groups to develop a museum quality exhibit installed throughout the entire Rockefeller Center complex. The curatorial vision encompassed the famous Rockefeller Plaza streets, the underground concourse, artwork in landmark buildings, the elegant Channel Gardens and the air above.

Artifacts on display included a flyable replica of a 1903 Wright Flyer, Tuskegee Airman Roscoe Brown's P-51 Mustang, an U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon, a replica of NASA's first Redstone Rocket, an Apollo Command Module, a U.S. Marine Corps Harrier Jet, concept space planes, along with engineless space travel, interactive flight simulators and the GE-90, the largest, most powerful jet engine ever built.

There was an opening night reception in the Channel Gardens attended by more than 800 guests. The evening was a glorious tribute to the Wright brothers and the living heroes of aviation. Guests included astronauts Dr. Neil Armstrong and Dr. Buzz Aldrin, Amanda Wright Lane, NBC Chairman Bob Wright, current astronaut Ken Bowersox, Gen. J.R. Dailey and many of the key members of the commercial flight industry. WNBC News Anchor Maurice Dubrois emceed the evening program as Patti LaBelle sang the NASA commissioned song "Way Up There." World War II pilot and music legend Skitch Henderson brought down the house with a swing era compilation belted out by the "Legends of Jazz" band.

Goals of Event/Program
The larger-than-life installation paid tribute to the heroes and icons of aviation, the machines and the people that make them work. The three-week exhibition was designed to educate New Yorkers and visitors to Rockefeller Center, and most importantly, to inspire America's next generation of aviation pioneers.

Outcome of Event/Program Extensive outreach in the community and media interest garnered more than 2.8 million visitors to Rockefeller Center and 58 million media impressions during the three-week celebration. Ongoing children's activities and educational programming were produced throughout the three weeks. The programs and content of the exhibition were showcased almost daily on America's top-rated morning news show, The Today Show. There were six segments on The Today Show featuring Mars rovers, U.S. Air Force falcons, the great grand niece of the Wright brothers, a GE Engine specialist and more.

Summary of Event/Program

Space Day 2003, the annual tribute to space exploration, invited young people of all ages to honor the previous 100 years of aviation accomplishments while celebrating "The Future of Flight" on May 1, 2003. Established in 1997, Space Day has exploded into a global celebration with events taking place in all 50 states, across Canada and in 15 other countries. On Space Day, millions of youngsters, students, teachers and space enthusiasts were engaged in activities at schools, libraries, science centers, museums and planetariums throughout North America. NASA is one of more than 75 national Partner and Associate organizations that support this award winning educational initiative. Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien proclaimed May 1 as Space Day in his country with special activities planned in provinces throughout Canada. The national Space Day celebration was held in Washington, D.C., at the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum. The opening ceremony featured a number of dignitaries including: Sen. John Glenn; Gen. J.R. Dailey (U.S.M.C., Retired), Director of the Museum and Chairperson, U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission; NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe; Anna McGowan, Manager of NASA's Morphing Program, Langley Research Center; as well as two teen spokespersons, Bianca Baker, a reporter for NASA's SCIence Files and Anne Breaks, an aspiring astronaut from Canada. Sen. John Glenn recognized 17 "Stellar" Design Challenges student teams from across the country.

Goals of Event/Program
Designed to spark interest in science, technology, engineering and math, Space Day seeks to inspire the next generation of inventors, aviators and explorers. "We hope to perpetuate the legacy of our space pioneers by nurturing that same sense of curiosity in our children, engaging them in the thrill of discovery," said Sen. John Glenn, co-chair of Space Day. "These young people represent our future and will one day realize exciting possibilities that we can now only imagine." The Space Day initiative, which is supported by the nonprofit Space Day Foundation, is dedicated to the advancement of science, technology, engineering and math by inspiring young people to realize the vision of space pioneers.

Outcome of Event/Program
Space Day events and activities were held in all 50 states, across Canada and in 15 other countries. Forty-seven governors and the Prime Minister of Canada officially proclaimed Space Day as well.

Summary of Event/Program

Established in January 2001, the Centennial of Flight Office (CVAH) reports to the Assistant Vice Chief of Staff of the U.S. Air Force (USAF/CVA). The U.S. Air Force Centennial of Flight Office participated in a wide range of events and products during the Centennial year. The list below is a broad sample of the more than 50 Centennial events in which the U.S. Air Force was the primary sponsor or national Centennial of Flight Partner supporter. Goals of Event/Program
The U.S. Air Force Centennial of Flight Office was formed to research, plan and coordinate the U.S. Air Force's participation in the worldwide centennial of flight celebration and coordinate resources with government, military and local communities. Throughout 2003, the U.S. Air Force Centennial of Flight Office participated in numerous events and programs to achieve one or more of its four primary objectives: increase positive public awareness of the U.S. Air Force mission, lay the foundation to support recruiting efforts in both the near and long term, enhance retention of U.S. Air Force people, and strengthen relationships within the worldwide aviation community.

Outcome of Event/Program
Because of the national magnitude of the centennial year, the U.S. Air Force was able to develop programs that could reach a broad market. It is estimated that by attending and assisting more than 50 centennial themed events nationwide that the U.S. Air Force made a lasting impression on more than 50 million people.

Centennial Legacy
The legacy of the U.S. Air Force Centennial of Flight Office is far reaching. Efforts were successful to promote the U.S. Air Force's contribution to aviation and inspire the next generation to pursue career fields in aviation.

Lessons Learned
A separate U.S. Air Force office was essential to ensure this level of participation during the centennial year. The U.S. Air Force was a proud supporter of the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission and its Partners.

Summary of Event/Program

On October 4, 2003, the Library of Congress opened "The Dream of Flight" exhibition in the Thomas Jefferson Building to commemorate the Wrights' achievement and to celebrate the centennial anniversary of this great event. Mounted as a special presentation within its American Treasures Gallery, the exhibit draws upon the Library's Wilbur and Orville Wright Collections to document their achievement and uses some of the Library's rarest and most significant materials to explore the notion that flight has occupied a central place in most cultures. The exhibit will close April 24, 2004, and is available in a digital version.

As a separate project, the Library also made a significant portion of the Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers available to the public online. Spanning the years 1881 to 1952, the online presentation of more than 10,000 items includes their correspondence, diaries and notebooks, photographs, and other documents, as well as their letters to aviation pioneer Octave Chanute.

Goals of Event/Program
The goal of the Library's exhibition was to make available the most significant and interesting Wright materials to those who visit and to thereby impress upon the public that the Wrights were not simply lucky, hit or miss inventors, but were instead a dedicated, visionary, courageous pair who acquired an understanding of the scientific problem of flight.

The goal of the digitized papers project was to offer the public access to the most important Wright documents as part of the Library's overall mission to make its resources available and useful to Congress and the American people.

Both the exhibition and the online papers project have been well received and well attended.

Outcome of Event/Program
Since the Wright exhibition is a special presentation that is located physically within a permanent, rotating American Treasures exhibition, it is not possible to determine which visitors came solely for "The Dream of Flight" material. However, more than 35,000 individuals attended the American Treasures exhibition during the October-December 2003 period.

Traffic for the Wright Papers Web page, which went online in early October 2003, totaled some 325,000 hits (number of times accessed) through January 2004.

Centennial Legacy
As custodian of the Wright Papers, the Library sought to make these significant primary materials available to the greatest number and to raise the public's consciousness and knowledge about the Wrights and their signal achievement.

Summary of Event/Program

The Arizona Wing's Second Annual Veteran's Day Fly In and the Arizona Centennial of Flight Exhibition afforded the Arizona Wing the opportunity to reach out to the community in a unique way. First, a two-day festival of flight spotlighted not only Wing aircraft, but warbirds and other visiting aircraft that participated in the event; and second, a more sustained two-month celebration of flight exhibition was presented. The fly in included aerial demonstrations to round out the festivities, together with an exhibitors' hall which included a wide variety of participants, including the military, model builders, public education, collectors of memorabilia, art, literature, historic groups and others connected to the Arizona Aviation Community. Topping off the fly in was a special inauguration ceremony on Saturday morning, November 8, 2003, at which a Governor's Proclamation recognizing the Arizona Wing and its role in the centennial of flight was presented. After an opening ceremony, presentations of the Proclamation and remarks by public officials, a flight of F-16 Falcons from neighboring Luke Air Force Base flew over the Museum and the festivities, adding a significant sense of drama and excitement to the fly in.

The exhibition was a collaborative effort among the participating exhibitors to educate visitors about how central aviation is in their lives and the role Arizona played and plays in the development of powered flight. Exhibitors presented a broad array of perspectives on aviation, including: the impact it has had on the state's economy; its historic significance in terms of the state's development and contribution to the nation's security and wellbeing; the beauty and wonder of aviation (through photographic and art galleries); unique innovations in lighter than air craft; the role women and minorities played in aviation; and aspects of flight that everyone, whether they pilot a plane or not, can participate in, such as computer-based flight simulation and model kit building.

Both events proved a resounding success. The fly in drew more than 15,000 visitors in its two-day run, doubling last year's attendance, and providing the Arizona Wing with the opportunity to introduce itself to a broader sampling of the community. Visitor attendance at the Wing Museum since the event has noticeably increased, believed in part to stem from public awareness of the Arizona Wing's resources thanks to the fly in. The exhibition's attendance topped 3,000 visitors.

Goals of the Event/Program
The goals of the Arizona Wing center on its restoration and stewardship of aircraft assigned to it by the Headquarters of the Commemorative Air Force in Midland, Texas. However, in a sense, the restoration and preservation of historic aircraft is but the tip of the iceberg for the Arizona Wing. The Arizona Wing's aircraft, including the B-17 Flying Fortress Sentimental Journey, a B-25 Mitchell Bomber (currently in final stages of restoration), L-Bird Utility Aircraft, a Beech C-45 Expeditor, Grumman Guardian and a North American T-6 Trainer (in Navy SNJ livery), are a major draw that enables the Arizona Wing to tell the much bigger story of aviation centered on the culture and lives of the people who flew and crewed these and other aircraft. Over the past year or so, the Arizona Wing has broadened its vision to look beyond the years of World War II to later periods as well. In addition, the opportunity to anchor the exhibition in Phoenix has allowed the Arizona Wing to partner with others in the community to broaden the breadth of the displays to include the early days of flight leading up to the conflict that began in 1914 in Europe in which the airplane emerged as the ultimate weapon.

Through the aircraft, displays of memorabilia, oral histories, models and descriptive materials on display in the Museum, the Arizona Wing aims to provide the visitor with a fully rounded and complete understanding of the meaning of flight, including the technical, historical and human aspects. The fly in allows history to come alive by adding the dimension of reality to that which is exhibited in the Museum.

It is the Arizona Wing's experience and belief that present generations are missing the opportunity to appreciate the wonder of flight in the context of American history. The Arizona Wing believes their efforts extend to the public in general an enjoyable, unique, valuable and unforgettable experience.

Attendance at both the fly in and the exhibition attest that the Arizona Wing succeeded in surpassing the goals. Feedback from those in attendance indicates that the event was worthwhile and enjoyable and that visitors will come again next year.

The Arizona Wing's native territory had traditionally centered on the period 1939 through 1945. The exhibition afforded the Wing the opportunity to reach out beyond this period to celebrate achievements. Because resources were limited, the perfect solution was to solicit teammates each of whom could provide its own unique perspective about the centennial, specifically how it related to Arizona. The goal was very simple: create a venue for celebration; make long-lasting friendships with others that share a passion for aviation; and, above all, use these resources and alliances to educate the public at large about aviation in general, the meaning of the centennial and the role Arizona played in the evolution of powered flight.

Outcome of Event/Program
For the fly in: For the exhibition: Centennial Legacy
The Phoenix Metropolitan Area has substantially weakened in terms of events spotlighting aviation. Airshows formerly presented in Scottsdale and Chandler, Ariz., are no longer offered. Moreover, the Champlin Fighter Museum, considered to be the world's foremost collection of fighter aircraft, has transitioned to Seattle as a unit of the Museum of Flight. Accordingly, the market begs for events grounded in aircraft and that provides the Arizona Wing the perfect opportunity to outreach its Museum through a fly in.

Given this backdrop, the centennial legacy afforded by the event was clear. At the fly in, the perfect time to think about and touch aircraft, the Arizona Wing's aircraft and associated exhibits touched more than 15,000 people. The fly in also afforded the Arizona Wing the opportunity to promote its companion event, the Arizona Centennial of Flight Exhibition, which complemented the fly in, not just in terms of a longer runtime, but with emerging features and exhibits that were destined to join the Museum, and have since become features on exhibit.

Both events, coupled with the Arizona Wing's relationship with the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission under the 2003 Memorandum of Agreement, have afforded the Arizona Wing the opportunity to retool its focus on aviation and provide a more sustained, balanced and valuable experience to visitors.

The opportunity to present the Exhibition has afforded the Arizona Wing invaluable visibility in the community, both among sister museums, aviation groups and enthusiasts, and the general public. It allows the Arizona Wing to remind the community that a quality aviation museum and experience exists in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. This allows the Arizona Wing the opportunity to promote the legacy of aviation more efficiently. Moreover, they are now positioned to present exhibits to the public dealing with aviation subjects outside the core period. Witness the opening of the Early Flight Exhibit in February, in cooperation with Arizona Model Aircrafters, one of the exhibitors at the exhibition. This redirection has catapulted the Docent Program by providing new areas of information for study and presentation to the public, as each docent is challenged to become more of an authority on early flight, the watershed of the centennial legacy.

Lessons Learned
The annual fly in has strengthened the Arizona Wing's confidence in the value of its mission and its content. The chief lesson that is emerging is that popularity has a price. Indeed, it may be necessary to present future events of this nature at another venue that affords greater space to accommodate an expanding interest in the Museum and its features. Because of this growth, planning for next year's event will no doubt start earlier to afford those in the Arizona Wing responsible for staging the event the opportunity to plan for and address new emerging issues.

Build an exhibition…and they will come. Despite poor media support, the exhibition nevertheless drew more than 3,000 visitors in its two-month run. Through the association with sister museums in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area, the Arizona Wing was able to refine its skill sets in exhibit presentation, which will carry back to the Museum and sustain the quality of experience that was presented at the exhibition.

Summary of Event/Program

The Crown Agents Stamp Bureau is a department of The Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations Limited, which provides services that assist in the process of development. The company is owned by The Crown Agents Foundation and allocates sums for the Foundation's social and developmental objectives and applies these at the direction of the Foundation.

The Crown Agents Stamp Bureau acts as production, marketing and sales agents for a number of Commonwealth postal administrations throughout the world. These clients are either overseas territories or independent sovereign nations within the Commonwealth. The Crown Agents Stamp Bureau works with each postal authority developing stamp programs, commissioning stamp artwork and overseeing all aspects of stamp production. The Crown Agents Stamp Bureau is responsible for advertising and marketing each country's stamps and also acting as philatelic sales agents within agreed sales areas. Stamps are not sold to governments but are sold to collectors and dealers worldwide.

The basic concept is to show the history of flight from December 17, 1903, on a set of 100 postage stamps from Commonwealth post offices around the world. These postage stamps will be used for official postal purposes within each country and also sold to philatelists around the world. The U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission's logo was reproduced on a border area of the stamps for purely decorative and informational purposes promoting awareness of the centennial of flight internationally.

Goals of Event/Program
The goal of the Crown Agents Stamp Bureau was to promote awareness of the centennial of flight.

Outcome of Event/Program
Stamps from Commonwealth post offices around the world were produced with the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission's logo in the border area.

Summary of Event/Program

"Kitty Hawk: The Wright Brothers' Journey of Invention" is a two-hour PBS documentary and a two-disc DVD that tells the story of the invention of the first airplane. "Kitty Hawk" features 11 of the world's leading Wright scholars and is filled with stunning replica flights, computer animations, and hundreds of rare and unpublished photographs. Legendary astronauts Dr. Neil Armstrong and Sen. John Glenn breathe life into the Wright brothers' writings by portraying the voices of Orville and Wilbur, a fitting tribute from the heroes of space to the pioneers of aviation.

Goals of Event/Program
The Wright brothers' story has been often told in the form of a children's parable of self reliance and Yankee ingenuity. "Kitty Hawk" presents a deeper and more intriguing account of how two Ohio bicycle mechanics with no formal training prevailed over the world's leading inventors to discover the secrets of flight.

Following in the inspirational path set by the Wright brothers, this production was self funded, independently produced, and written and directed over a five year period by a first time documentarian. The result is a highly accurate and definitive account of the Wrights' inventive process, an engaging story about the men behind the machine, and an epic tale of hardship, perseverance, and spectacular triumph.

Outcome of Event/Program
"Kitty Hawk" is both a critical success and is popular with television viewing audiences. Some of the critical acclaim included the following assessments: "This remarkable documentary brings their story to life," Donna Gustafson, Grading the Movies; "...diligently researched, highly informative documentary," Ed Grant, Video Business Magazine; "...tells a deeper, fuller story," Diane Holloway, Austin American-Statesman; "We get a sense of the Wrights...that written accounts and even photographs can't convey," Terry Morris, Dayton Daily News; and "It's highly entertaining and should please...enlighten and educate, any audience, young or old," Chris Hicks, Deseret Morning News, Salt Lake City.

To date, the program has aired nationally in 22 of the top 25 television markets and 43 of the top 50 markets with a national audience of more than four million viewers. "Kitty Hawk" continues to air on PBS stations throughout the country and will do so for the next three years. The program has been broadcast in several countries in Europe including England. Approximately 20,000 DVDs and VHS tapes have been distributed worldwide. "Kitty Hawk" will continue to be viewed in schools, libraries and homes for years to come. "Kitty Hawk" often is shown to large groups of people at: aviation museums as a part of their ongoing educational programs; trade shows around the world, including the Aerospace International Testing Expo in Hamburg, Germany; corporate events and conventions as an inspiration and innovation motivator, i.e., Sun Chemical Corp.; four and a half million Delta Airlines passengers saw extended segments from "Kitty Hawk" on Delta's in flight entertainment television throughout the month of December 2003; air shows including the Paris and Dayton Air Shows; and on December 17, 2003, "Kitty Hawk" was the opening presentation at the First Flight Centennial Celebration.

Centennial Legacy
"Kitty Hawk: The Wright Brothers' Journey of Invention" is the definitive documentary about the invention of the first airplane. Entertainment industry experts predict that the DVD format will remain a popular and viable format for the next 20 years or more. "Kitty Hawk," with its extensive two-disc DVD, can be relied upon to be one of the most effective and longer lasting educational influences to emerge from the centennial year of flight.

Lessons Learned
The lessons learned about releasing a national PBS special are too numerous to detail here. In general, it seems that there was never enough time to complete the tasks at hand and always an ominous deadline approaching.

Summary of Program

The Maryland Historical Trust (Maryland's State Historic Preservation Office), in partnership with the College Park Aviation Museum and the University of Maryland Baltimore County Martha Ross Center for Oral History, conducted a research, site and structures recordation and oral history project known as the Maryland Aviation History Centennial Project.

Goals of the Program All project goals were met.

Outcome of Event/Program
Media coverage of the "100th Anniversary Celebration of the Birth of Powered Flight" event at the College Park Aviation Museum and the book introduction was excellent with extensive local television coverage and articles in The Washington Post and The Baltimore Sun newspapers. Approximately 400 people attended the event.

Nearly 600 copies of the publication, Maryland Aloft: A Celebration of Aviators, Airfields and Aerospace, have been sold to date. The book continues to sell well. In addition, more than 1,000 pages of oral history interview documentation was generated, 125 sites associated with Maryland aviation history were documented and recorded in the Maryland Inventory of Historic Properties, and a computerized database of the sites and their history was created.

Centennial Legacy
The Maryland Aviation History Centennial Project demonstrated the rich history of aviation in the state and resulted in the recordation of 125 important historical sites. For the first time, there is now a single reference source summarizing the most important aviation-related historic buildings, sites and collections in the state. This information will be utilized by researchers, and will help to preserve and interpret to the public the most important of these resources.

Summary of Event/Program

On Friday, December 12, 2003, the Oklahoma Aeronautics Commission commemorated the 100th anniversary of the world's first successful powered flight. The Commission celebrated this historic achievement in the Million Air Hangar at Wiley Post Airport in Oklahoma City. Despite the winter weather, nearly 300 people attended the event. The event was designated as the official state celebration by the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission and also honored the 40th anniversary of the Oklahoma Aeronautics Commission. Governor Brad Henry was the keynote speaker and the Lt. Governor Mary Fallin made comments as well.

Goals of Event/Program
The goal for the Oklahoma Aeronautics Commission was to celebrate and inform aviation and aerospace companies about Oklahoma's rich aviation history. The Oklahoma Aeronautics Commission also wanted to celebrate the historic event of the 100th anniversary of powered flight. Both goals were met.

Outcome of Event/Program
Press releases were published in several local newspapers. Due to the weather, news stations were unable to attend; however, various news stations did broadcast brief stories about the nationwide celebration of the 100th anniversary of flight.

Approximately 300 people attended the event, including airport managers, city officials, legislators, the State Governor, the State Lt. Governor, aviation and aerospace companies, museums, state agencies, aviation organizations and many more associated with the aviation industry. Materials from the Oklahoma Aeronautics Commission and the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission were distributed to guests.

Centennial Legacy
This was one of the largest aviation events in Oklahoma history.

Lessons Learned
The Oklahoma Aeronautics Commission would have liked more media coverage. More active steps should have been taken in an attempt to stimulate more media coverage.

Summary of Event/Program

The centenary of powered flight proved to be a particularly busy year for the Society's Library, which saw all forms of commemorative celebrations (books, exhibitions, merchandise, television documentaries, etc.) drawing upon the Library's extensive collections. Based upon the Library's holdings of original material relating to Sir George Cayley, Percy Pilcher and the Wright brothers, filming was undertaken for three separate documentaries for BBC North, BBC 2 and the Learning Channel in the Library's Reading Room.

There has been ongoing demand on the Royal Aeronautical Society Library's collections for old aviation photographs to be reproduced in the Society's publications and those of others. The extensive collection was called upon to illustrate a new history of the Royal Aeronautical Society publication, a special centenary issue of the Society's technical journal, The Aeronautical Journal, and a pictorial history of aviation, The Times Aviators: a History in Photographs, which, at over £5,000, is the largest single order that the Library has received for some years. In cooperation with Royal Air Force Benevolent Fund Enterprises, the Society's Library produced a series of cards, bookmarks, poster prints and a jigsaw based on original paintings and posters held in the Library.

The summer of 2003 saw the June publication of the book Letters of the Wright Brothers: Letters of Wilbur, Orville and Katharine Wright in the Royal Aeronautical Society Library, edited by Brian Riddle and Colin Sinnott, which has been well received. "The book is wonderful and will be an invaluable resource. Congratulations to you and the Royal Society for this marvelous book," wrote Marianne Hudec, Orville Wright's great niece. The Royal Aeronautical Society had acquired permission for the book's publication from the trustees of the Wright Family Fund. The Royal Aeronautical Society also received the approval of the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission and the U.S. Air Force's History and Museums Programs Centennial of Flight Office, whose logos were reproduced on the cover of the book in addition to the Royal Aeronautical Society's logo.

In August 2003, a large selection of the Royal Aeronautical Society Library's treasures recording the evolution of the concept of the airplane during 1800-1910 was displayed in the Society's "Pioneers of Flight Exhibition." The exhibition also included a photographic display "From Icarus and Daedalus to Concorde: Selected Highlights from the Royal Aeronautical Society Library Photographic Collections," first exhibited at the Society's Garden Party at the Shuttleworth Collection on June 29, 2003, and later exhibited at the Society's Heathrow Branch and at the Royal Institution of Great Britain. All visitors to the exhibition received a concise 12-page A4 booklet guide summarizing the history of aviation from Icarus and Daedulus to the end of 1910, illustrated by 30 photographs and compiled by the Society's Librarian. This has been described as "one of the best short summaries of the history of aviation which I have seen" by Society member Brian Elliott Affiliate, author of "Bleriot - Herald of an Age." On a smaller scale, the Society's Library mounted a display case of some of the Library's Wright material for the Historical Group's conference, The Beginnings of Powered Flight, held on May 10, 2003.

Centennial Legacy
To date, more than £3,300 has been received from the sales of this merchandise. The money will be put toward the conservation of the Library's major collection of early aviation posters of the 1920s and 1930s, binding pre-1940 journals and the U.S. WPA's Bibliography of Aeronautics, and developing Hargrave's original glass plate photograph negatives in preparation for a proposed book, Lawrence Hargrave and Aeronautics: Letters and Photographs in the Royal Aeronautical Society Library.

The Royal Aeronautical Society's celebrations culminated on December 17, 2003, the actual anniversary day, with a banquet underneath the replica of the Wright Flyer hanging in the Science Museum. The replica of the Wright Flyer took the place of the original aircraft when it was transported back to America in October 1948 after it had been on display at the Science Museum since March 1928.

Summary of Event/Program

The year 2003 was an extraordinary one for the Wright Experience. The mission of the Wright Experience is to rediscover the secrets of the Wright brothers to inspire a new generation. The year 2003 brought incredible opportunities in every aspect of the work. Most noteworthy, the Wright Experience flew its reproduction of the Wright Flyer.

Goals of Event/Program
The major goal for the Wright Experience in 2003 was clear: to successfully fly an authentic reproduction of the 1903 Wright Flyer at Kitty Hawk, N.C., and if possible, to recreate the first flight exactly 100 years after the original event on December 17, 2003.

These goals required a series of supporting goals and activities: a full documentation of the aircraft, including unprecedented flight data acquisition; an intensive pilot training program; full scale wind tunnel testing of the Flyer; accurate and authentic flight simulator development; and continued research into the life and work of the Wright brothers. In addition, this material was the source of several public and educational outreach goals, including: continued development of in depth Web site features; development and installation of an interactive exhibit at Wright Brothers National Memorial; and numerous lectures, appearances and publications.

The Wright Experience goals were met as planned. The following brief chronology illustrates the fantastic challenge of 2003. Outcome of Event/Program
The Wright Experience met its goals, and is now moving forward, greatly encouraged by the success of the year. The data collected by the flight data recorder is currently being prepared for publication. It promises to shed new light on the actual performance of the Wright Flyer. The pilot training program was successful, not only as demonstrated by the numerous glider flights, but also by the successful flights of the 1903 Flyer.

The Wright Experience was overwhelmed by the response from the public. The exhibit, lectures and Web sites were met with large and enthusiastic audiences. Media coverage included stories in all the nation's major newspapers and on television, including The Washington Post Magazine, ABC News, CBS News, The Associated Press and many others. Foreign press included BBC, Stern Magazine and stories written as far away as India and Australia.

Centennial Legacy
The legacy of the centennial has been the attention given to the achievement of the Wright brothers, and the increased awareness and understanding of their accomplishments. The desire of the Wright Experience is to leave something tangible behind like the EAA and Harry Combs Flyers, and the Kitty Hawk exhibit. It is also important that knowledge, developed through historical research and scientific testing and analysis of the airplanes themselves, be left as a foundation for the future. Finally, it is important to know not only how and why the machines flew, but also how to fly them. The Wright Experience always has proceeded as if Orville and Wilbur were watching. In many ways, the legacy of the centennial is not over, and never will be, because the lessons of the Wright brothers are timeless.

Lessons Learned
One of the most important lessons learned is that people always respond to the real thing. The Wright Experience felt that if it built the Flyer as authentically as the Wrights had, that the real story of the magnificence of their achievement would be understood and embraced. This proved overwhelmingly to be the case.

Another important lesson was that to be successful it was necessary to have many strong supporters, such as the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission, the Experimental Aircraft Association, Ford Motor Company, Northrop Grumman, Mr. Harry Combs and the National Park Service.

Summary of Event/Program

Three Roads Communications had two major projects that were launched and/or expanded upon during the centennial of flight celebration period. Goals of Event/Program
The objective of Legends of Airpower was to expand the series and to broaden its reach. Three Roads Communications believes that it is important for the American public to be informed about the courage, perseverance and ingenuity of the men and women who are profiled in the Legends series. Three Roads Communications was quite successful in accomplishing its objectives.

Outcome of Event/Program
Episodes from the original 26 Legends of Airpower have now aired on more than 250 public television stations. The series has been seen in every one of the nation's top 10 markets and 23 of the top 25. In all, there have been a total of more than 12,000 broadcasts of Legends episodes throughout the country. The newly expanded series of 52 episodes was then picked up by the Discovery Wings channel. During the course of the centennial year, Legends also ran on the SpeedVision cable channel and on the Armed Forces Radio and Television Service. Additionally, Three Roads Communications produced a radio version of Legends which has been airing on Discovery Radio and on the RadioAmerica network.

The announcement of Mr. McLeod's attempted polar flight was made at the National Press Club and was covered by all the major news organizations. Interviews with Mr. McLeod have been broadcast on more than 100 radio and television stations, and articles about him have appeared in several dozen newspapers and magazines across the country. Also, the Smithsonian Press published a book about Mr. McLeod that recounts his flight to the North Pole in an old open cockpit Stearman.

Centennial Legacy
As the project involving Mr. McLeod progressed, partnerships were formed with the education arm of the FAA, and with a team of educators from Florida Atlantic University, led by Dr. Barbara Ganson. The Florida Atlantic University team worked up a curriculum aimed at teaching middle school children about the history and geography of the countries that Mr. McLeod would be flying over, and the FAA disseminated that curriculum to schools throughout the U.S. Along with the www.gusmcleod.com Web site that Three Roads Communications established, the Florida Atlantic University team set up a special Web site that concentrated on the educational aspects of Mr. McLeod's journey.

Summary of Event/Program
There was a year long program of numerous events celebrating the centennial of flight that included: Goals of Event/Program
The main goals of the program were: Outcome of Event/Program
Centennial Legacy
Centennial activities allowed the Virginia Air & Space Center to expand its programming and reach new audiences through its informal education initiatives, assisting educators with curriculum and Standards of Learning testing. The Virginia Air & Space Center was recognized as the local connection for the centennial of flight.

A major goal of the Virginia Air & Space Center is to enhance Virginia's workforce by encouraging children to pursue careers related to aerospace and technology. Through additional centennial programming, the Virginia Air & Space Center was able to provide activities that improved the quality of life for the citizens of Hampton Roads, educating youth and enriching the lives of tourists. The design, development and installation of the Adventures in Flight gallery created new job opportunities for local designers, architects and contractors contributing to the economic health of Hampton Roads.

Lessons Learned
After the demise of the Aviation World's Fair and the Virginia Air & Space Center's partnership with them, Virginia Air & Space Center learned not to rely on other organizations to support initiatives. Partnerships should only be considered as part of the bigger picture.

Summary of Event/Program

For Face of America 2003, art and science merged as Wolf Trap celebrated the 100th anniversary of the first powered flight of the Wright brothers. Face of America 2003 was Wolf Trap's multi-media and multi-disciplinary artistic adventure series that explored the relationship between the "natural" stage and the creative process; and celebrated fellow National Parks using the rich language of the performing arts. Wolf Trap Foundation for the Performing Arts and its National Park partners established an artistic direction for Face of America 2003 that focused on capturing the spirit of flight. To celebrate the centennial of flight, Wolf Trap joined with three other National Park units: Dayton Aviation National Historical Park; Wright Brothers National Memorial; and Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site. Wolf Trap commissioned award winning choreographer Elizabeth Streb to create a new work on location in Kitty Hawk inspired by the Wright brothers' first powered flight and celebrating the centennial of the historic event at Wright Brothers National Memorial in Kitty Hawk. As part of the newly commissioned dance by Elizabeth Streb, the evening performance of Face of America 2003 featured a new musical work and filmed montage celebrating the spirit of flight.

This year's celebration on September 6, 2003, included: Dr. Buzz Aldrin, National Spokesperson for Face of America 2003 as host of the evening's activities; flyovers by U.S. Air Force F-16s and antique WWII Aircraft; the world premiere of Wild Blue Yonder, a multi-media and live dance commission celebrating human flight choreographed by Elizabeth Streb and inspired by the Wright brothers' first powered flight on December 17, 1903; the world premiere of On the Wings of a Dream, an original high definition film on giant screens honoring flight through the eyes of aviators including original interviews with Dr. Buzz Aldrin, Patty Wagstaff, Gus McLeod, Tuskegee Airmen and Dick Rutan. The finale of the performance had the audience of 6,000 on its feet, and there were tears in the eyes of many in the audience and on the stage, as Tena Clark's "Way Up There," the official song of the centennial of flight celebration, was performed by the Fire Choir of Los Angeles, who were joined by flyers and astronauts from the Tuskegee Airmen; the U.S. Army, U.S. Navy, U.S. Air Force and Air National Guard; United and American Airlines; and NASA, as well as adventure pilots, while footage of the launching of the space shuttle and film taken from the Space Station was displayed behind them.

A pre-performance celebration featured remarks by Secretary of Transportation Norman Mineta and choreographer Elizabeth Streb. The official host for the reception was Sen. John Warner, and co-hosts included The Honorable Norman Mineta; Secretary of the Interior Gale Norton; Secretary of the Air Force Dr. James Roche; Director of the National Park Service Fran Mainella; Gen. J.R. Dailey; Col. Charles McGee of the Tuskegee Airmen; and Amanda Wright Lane.

Face of America 2003: A Celebration of Flight was funded with the help of NASA, the National Endowment for the Arts and the Richard Eaton Foundation. The premiere event host was SAIC, and corporate host was TITAN.

Goals of Event/Program
The goal of Face of America 2003 was to capture the spirit of flight and connect the celebration with the National Parks. Wolf Trap also wanted to honor the contributions of the Tuskegee Airmen, World War II African-American military pilots.

Outcome of Event/Program
Wolf Trap estimates that 18.7 million impressions were made through media outreach, which resulted in a total of 54 media placements. Print coverage ranged from The New York Times to Dance Magazine to Popular Mechanics. Wolf Trap's Face of America: a Celebration of Flight was introduced to the public in a National Press Club Luncheon speech by Wolf Trap Foundation President and CEO Terre Jones. The performance, to a full house, included Wild Blue Yonder, On the Wings of a Dream and "Way Up There." In addition, there was a link to the International Space Station featuring Ed Liu. A Cox Cable special of the performance aired on September 16, 2003. On the Wings of A Dream aired on WETA High Definition Television Theatre and Comcast Network on December 17 and is being considered for an Emmy award. Face of America footage was also displayed on Jumbotron screens at Wright Brothers National Memorial as part of the Centennial celebration in December 2003.

Centennial Legacy
Video from the event will be made available for display at the three partner park sites: Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park, Wright Brothers National Memorial and Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site. A Web adventure from Face of America 2003: A Celebration of Flight can be found on www.wolftrap.org. The Web adventure and video are also part of NASA archives.

Summary of Event/Program

The centennial program of the Yugoslav National Aeroclub included: Goals of Event/Program
One goal was to attract the attention of the Yugoslav public in general and its youth in particular to the 100th anniversary of the first flight. Emphasis was placed on the outstanding personalities of Wilbur and Orville Wright. A second goal was to enhance the traditional friendship among aviators. A third goal was to bring together Yugoslavia's aeronautical community in order to improve its flying sports and the air transport industry, as well as to reclaim the Home of Aero Club (Dom Aero Kluba).

Outcome of Event/Program
Centennial Legacy The Yugoslav National Aeroclub learned much about aviation and its history, and looks forward to continued and increased collaboration with its neighbors.

The year 2004 offers two great events: 80 years of Yugoslavia's aeronautical press, and 60 years since several hundred downed allied airmen (mostly American) were freed from Hitler's "Europa fortress."

Lessons Learned
This program had an impact on the members of the Yugoslav National Aeroclub. The Wright brothers have shown how much can be achieved by diligence, patience, and family love and support, and that formal education is not an absolute requirement for success.

Summary of Event/Program
More than 100 custom designed model rockets were launched with a payload of two raw eggs Saturday, May 15, 2003, at the Great Meadows in The Plains, Va., in the world's largest model rocket contest for high school students. The event was sponsored by the Aerospace Industries Association (AIA) and the National Association for Rocketry (NAR).

Goals of Event/Program
The goals were to have a youth oriented event to celebrate the 100th anniversary of flight and to encourage students to enter math and science fields. Those goals were overwhelmingly met.

Outcome of Event/Program
Reporters from CBS, CNN, NASA TV, TECH TV, Discovery Canada, The Washington Post, The Baltimore Sun and Air and Space Magazine, among many other publications, attended the event. Despite lightening and torrential rain, with occasional breakthroughs of mist and drizzle, the contest was a roaring success. Press accounts of the contest were overwhelmingly positive, reporting on the students' enthusiasm and delight at being among the top 100 high school teams qualifying to participate in the first contest of this kind.

CNN ran six segments during the day, interviewing astronaut Jay Apt, NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe, Sen. Mike Enzi, Marshall Space Flight Center Director Art Stephenson and author and aerospace engineer Homer Hickam (whose book "Rocket Boys" inspired the movie October Sky). The CBS Early Show interviewed astronaut Roger Crouch and students from Hurricane, W.V., and La Puente, Calif. The Washington Post and The Baltimore Sun ran half page stories with photographs and other graphics showing the design of the rockets, and reporters from papers such as The Denver Post and the West Virginia Charleston Gazette are writing stories after the contest about teams from their area that made it to the top 25. TECH TV and Discovery Canada followed individual teams throughout the day to track whether they would experience the "thrill of victory" or, in most cases, "the agony of defeat."

Event participants included 700 students, 50 AIA staffers, about 75 NAR volunteers and approximately 1,000 spectators.

Centennial Legacy
The event was so successful that it is being held again in 2004, and it will probably become an annual event for many years to come.

Summary of Event/Program

Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park opened new and expanded interpretive and visitor facilities at all four units of the national park in 2002-2003. These included two new facilities: the Huffman Prairie Flying Interpretive Center located at the Wright Memorial at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, and the Wright-Dunbar Interpretive Center and Aviation Trail Visitor Center and Museum located at the Wright Cycle Company building complex. The park also opened expanded facilities at two locations: the John W. Berry, Sr. Wright Brothers Aviation Center at Carillon Historical Park, and the Paul Laurence Dunbar State Memorial, which is maintained by the Ohio Historical Society. In addition, the National Park Service has continued to operate The Wright Cycle Company building and has completed the rehabilitation of the Hoover Block where the Wright brothers operated their print shop from 1890-1895. Wright-Patterson Air Force Base has rehabilitated Huffman Prairie Flying Field by removing non-historic features, restoring missing historic features, improving visitor access and installing interpretive media. The Ohio Historical Society has restored the Paul Laurence Dunbar House and barn. The national park also initiated a major new living history program, "Time Flies," sponsored by Carillon Historical Park that will be continued as an annual program.

Goals of Event/Program
The goal of Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park was to have visitor facilities and interpretive exhibits completed and opened for the Centennial Celebration. This goal was met.

Outcome of Event/Program
Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park received excellent local, national and international media coverage. The opening of new facilities at each of the park units during the Centennial year significantly increased park visitation.

Centennial Legacy
The infrastructure improvements to Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park, though timed to coincide with the centennial celebration, were completed for the long term. Exhibits, educational programming and publications, also completed for the centennial, will endure for the long term. Publicity associated with the centennial has helped to firmly establish the national park as an aviation destination.

Lessons Learned
Goals of Event/Program

The Dayton Aviation Heritage Commission was responsible for assisting with the development of the Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park and preserving and promoting the aviation, Wright brothers and Paul Laurence Dunbar heritage of the region. Specifically, the Commission established the following goals for itself. Outcome of Event/Program
Some accomplishments of the Dayton Aviation Heritage Commission included: Centennial Legacy
Clearly, the restoration of the historic Wright Dunbar neighborhood stands as the most significant legacy for the Commission. Transforming a neighborhood that had suffered more than 20 years of continuous neglect into a growing and thriving area is a monumental achievement attributed to the community support that was generated by the centennial of flight. With the National Park as the anchor, improvements are expected to continue. The creation of the new nonprofit, the Aviation Heritage Foundation, Inc., will continue to sustain the region as a center for aviation and other nationally significant heritage activities.

Lessons Learned
Collaboration among many partners can, at times, become a very difficult task. However, the chance of success in overcoming significant problems is greatly enhanced with having more organizations involved as partners. In today's era of resource shortages, collaboration is often the only way to gather enough energy to take on a large project. The Commission's work was a great example of building those partnerships and collaborative efforts. On its own, it could have achieved very little, but by bringing more to the table, it was able to see substantial progress made in meeting its legislative mandate.

Summary of Event/Program

Throughout 2003, the U.S. Air Force Museum at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio, conducted and supported an intensive and broad array of major events to commemorate the centennial of flight celebration and the U.S. Air Force's special place in the development of military aviation. Major events included: Goals of Event/Program
The overarching purpose of the U.S. Air Force Museum's initiatives and activities throughout 2003 was to leverage the centennial of flight, the museum's major expansion and the high volume of special events to build greater national and global awareness of the museum and, by extension, the mission, history and evolving capabilities of the U.S. Air Force. Through events, proactive media relations and strategic partnerships with area, national and international organizations and tourism agencies, the museum sought to expand awareness of its status as a world class institution, the world's largest and oldest military aviation museum and the national museum of the U.S. Air Force.

Outcome of Event/Program
The combination of centennial of flight activities and major expansion propelled the museum to a higher national and international profile by driving expanded media coverage and increased visitor attendance.

Area, national and international media coverage throughout the year proved intense. A visit by President George W. Bush for a public Fourth of July celebration on the museum grounds drew more than 200 media members, including all major networks, which aired the event live.

Oliver North and a Fox News film crew visited the museum in May for a lengthy, after hours film shoot in support of the show "War Stories with Oliver North." MSNBC and the Associated Press covered a special presentation ceremony in which aircrews from Operation Iraqi Freedom donated items to the museum. MSNBC conducted a live interview in the evening with members of a B-1 bomber aircrew.

During 2003, The Wall Street Journal featured the museum twice, once in a stand-alone feature article and again as a patriotic place to visit. Other major media organizations that visited the museum for filming or covered the museum included the History Channel, American Heritage Magazine, Smithsonian Air and Space Magazine, Discovery Channel, the national morning show The Daily Buzz, United Kingdom based aviation publication FlyPast, The Denver Post, Cleveland Plain Dealer, Toronto Star, Channel One educational television and the Travel Channel, among many others.

Through ongoing, high visibility events, the museum attracted nearly 1.35 million visitors, up from nearly 1.2 million in previous years. This included more than 30,000 people for President Bush's visit, 35,000 for a weekend RE/MAX Hot Air Balloon event, more than 53,000 for a blimp event, nearly 50,000 in late July for the weekend of the Dayton Air Show, and more than 53,000 for the Dawn Patrol Rendezvous World War I Fly In. The museum experienced a record attendance for the month of July in 2003, as more than 264,000 people flocked to the museum during the peak of Dayton's centennial of flight celebration.

Further confirming the museum's 2003 success, the institution's Web site received nearly 70 million total hits, a 21 percent increase from the previous year's total of more than 57 million.

Centennial Legacy
The 2003 centennial of flight celebration yielded a positive impact on many fronts for the U.S. Air Force Museum, including: Lessons Learned
The U.S. Air Force Museum experience during the centennial celebration reinforced the importance of cultivating and sustaining strategic partnerships with affiliated organizations to optimize the combined impact of shared resources, expertise and capabilities; and the need for better communication between organizations and agencies, particularly with respect to proactively identifying potential obstacles, developing common solutions and more clearly articulating each organization's role and responsibilities in advance of event execution.

Summary of Event/Program

From March 2000 through December 2003, Wright State University Libraries, Special Collections and Archives, was involved in numerous projects commemorating the centennial of flight. These projects included publications of original documents, albums and photographic materials; the design and installation of numerous exhibits and symposiums; participation in media interviews and film documentaries; numerous special events and receptions; and the creation of a Web site containing thousands of images and other materials about the Wright brothers' lives and accomplishments.

Wright State University, in a more general way, presented additional cultural events during 2003 to celebrate the Wright brothers' achievements which included: Goals of Event/Program
The following goals were exceeded at all levels: Outcome of Event/Program
Among the numerous events, the following outcomes are the most noteworthy: Centennial Legacy
Special Collections and Archives established itself as one of the key institutions for researching the Wright brothers and the history of aviation through its publications, Web site and image database. Through Wright State University's events, programs and projects, the world was educated about the Wright brothers and the impact of powered flight. Increased preservation and access was facilitated to one of the richest Wright Brothers Collections in the world. Learning was fostered through symposiums and conferences for scholars, historians, enthusiasts and others.

Lessons Learned
The invention of powered flight is an accomplishment that the entire world takes pride in. Flight draws people together in a variety of ways and it was an anniversary that belonged to everyone. The importance of cooperative projects in a celebration of this magnitude should not be underestimated.

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